Seeking to quell growing gang crime in California, Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger unveiled a statewide plan Friday that would boost punishment for violent gang members, create a California anti-gang czar and identify key counties for priority funding. The governor’s plan would be the state’s first comprehensive effort to coordinate anti-gang efforts and comes as cities throughout the state have pleaded for assistance with the problem. In Los Angeles, gang-related crimes rose 14 percent last year. “We are basically telling the criminals that the crackdown on them will not stop anymore at the city limits or the county line,” Schwarzenegger said at a press conference in Oakland. “We will continue to do it statewide. We are stepping up our effort. We will go after them with full force.” The governor’s plan sets aside $48 million in state and federal funds and grants even as Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa had lobbied Schwarzenegger and the Legislature for $30 million to help L.A. alone. While the plan does not grant that request, it would allow counties with a high number of gang-related homicides – including L.A. – to apply for more funding. “I think it’s a start,” Villaraigosa said of the plan while at a separate press event at Griffith Park. “I welcome \ and will work well with the governor and we hope to work well with the Legislature to get the funds that we need to make it work for L.A.” Lawmaker criticism Still, it was unclear Friday how much of the plan would be put into place because many of the key elements need legislative approval. Some Democratic lawmakers said the plan places too much emphasis on suppression, while Republicans said it does not go far enough. “It’s great, but it is very heavy on suppression,” said Assemblywoman Anna Caballero, D-Salinas, chairwoman of the Select Committee on Youth Violence Prevention. “It’s got some intervention and not any prevention.” The governor’s plan includes designating a state anti-gang coordinator in the Office of Emergency Services. It also would require some convicted gang members to wear global positioning system devices and register with local police after their release from prison. And it targets new prevention and intervention programs and job training for former gang members. It also would provide more assistance to areas that have the most gang problems. The state would identify such communities from a list of 25 counties with the highest gang-related homicide rates. While such figures were not immediately available, the governor noted that L.A., San Bernardino, Riverside and Sacramento counties would be among those that would qualify and be eligible to apply for more state grants. Those counties also would be eligible to apply for any new federal money available under pending legislation authored by Sen. Dianne Feinstein, D-Calif. The governor’s plan received support from Los Angeles civil-rights attorney Connie Rice and Los Angeles Unified School District Superintendent David Brewer III. Rice, co-director of the Advancement Project Los Angeles, praised the governor for including an emphasis on prevention programs such as job opportunities for former gang members. “These efforts, if successful, will serve as building blocks toward comprehensive prevention systems that remove the neighborhood conditions fueling gangs,” Rice wrote in a letter of support. More suppression Brewer praised the plan’s boost for summer youth programs, career technical education and after-school programs. “This is a positive step towards a much-needed conversation on how we can finally solve the gang problem in its entirety,” Brewer wrote in his letter of support. But Republican lawmakers have introduced their own anti-gang measures in the Legislature and would like to see Schwarzenegger go even further in suppression efforts. Sen. George Runner, R-Lancaster, the Republican caucus chairman, said Republicans want to target first-time gang offenders to prevent them from becoming hardened criminals. “Our difference with the governor’s plan is we have a bigger emphasis on juveniles and trying to break the tie between the juvenile and the adult gang member,” Runner said. Staff Writer Dana Bartholomew contributed to this story. email@example.com (916) 446-6723160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
The Color Rendering Index can help you get the best LED color reproductions.Cover image via Shutterstock.The Color Rendering Index (CRI) is the go-to measure when speaking about the quality of different sources of light; the CRI rating can have a big effect on the reproduction of colors in your video shoot, so it’s important to keep in mind when selecting and using lights. However, do not confuse it with “color temperature,” which describes other aspects of light.What Is CRI?The CRI describes how accurately a light source reproduces colors on a scale from 1 to 100. The lower the number, the worse the reproduction of the color. Some spectrometers, such as the Sekonic C-700 or Gossen Mavospec, can read and display the CRI of a metered light source. That makes them brilliant tools for comparing different manufacturers and sources when working in videography and photography. However, these meters may be too expensive for many shooters, and while you can rent them, they aren’t a necessity on set. (Manufacturers will often list the CRI ratings of their lights on their websites.)As a general rule, any source with a CRI rating of 90 or above will faithfully render colors. Most good tungsten sources will have a CRI rating of 90 or above — often over 95. Sunlight will have the best CRI rating of all.The following is an example of the CRI rating of sunlight.Notice that the rating divides into eight different colors. This is a problem when using the CRI rating to analyze manufactured light sources — the sampling is only an average of eight colors. It is possible for a light to have a good CRI rating in regards to these eight colors, but it could still have a low rating beyond these color samples. It may not score highly for a deeply saturated red, for example, which would lower the rendering rating. Some LED lights can show large variations in different parts of the color spectrum when compared to tungsten or daylight; therefore, it is necessary to look beyond the standard eight colors when analyzing LEDs in particular.Beyond CRIThe Television Lighting Consistency Index (TLCI) is an improvement upon the CRI rating. It samples twenty-four colors, and it is more reliable for analyzing how light renders on a camera’s sensor. However, this index was initially for broadcast television cameras and arguably does not account for single-chipped cameras that are more common in the film and video industry.The Extended CRI rating (sometimes referred to as Special CRI) is the most useful for the majority of film and video applications. It is also what the Sekonic C-700 will display. The Extended CRI rating adds R9 – R15 colors to the standard CRI samples — including, most importantly, R9 Saturated Red, R13 Skin Color (Light), and R15 Skin Color (Medium), which are all difficult colors to faithfully reproduce.The image below shows an example of the Extended CRI rating of sunlightThis is as close as you are likely to get to a perfect CRI rating on a spectrometer on set. It shows that even sunlight is not getting a full 100 rating. This could be due to any number of reasons — even bounced light affecting the reading. However, it is a very good gauge of the reliability.Cheap LEDsIf we now look at a cheap LED, you will see a big difference.There are many areas of the color spectrum that this light will not render correctly. This would most likely result in odd hues in skin tones or other color casts within the image that are unexpected, undesired, and uncontrollable. However, the manufacturer could justifiably give this light source a CRI rating of 83. This is not an excellent rating but, at first glance, should at least imply a decent rendering of most colors. If this light source is priced well, it may be a viable alternative to more expensive options. Now the importance of the Extended CRI rating becomes more relevant. One can’t use sources such as this and expect faithful color reproduction across the spectrum. You would likely see similar inconsistencies with other cheap sources, most commonly with halogen and fluorescent lights.So, if you are looking to save money when renting or buying LEDs, halogens, or fluorescents, then always start by checking for an Extended CRI rating or a TLCI rating. If you can’t find one, consider renting a spectrometer and checking the rating yourself.Do you have tips for assessing lighting sources? Let us know in the comments.
Low cabin pressure mid-air forced a Delhi-bound SpiceJet aircraft from Mumbai, carrying over 100 passengers, to land at the city airport this morning under emergency conditions. All the passengers on-board were safe, an airline spokesperson said.“SpiceJet Boeing 737 aircraft (VT-SZB) was operating flight SG 160 Mumbai-Delhi. Enroute, the aircraft had a (cabin) pressure problem,” the SpiceJet spokesperson said. Following the standard operating procedure, the crew diverted the aircraft to Ahmedabad, where it landed safely, he added. There were over 100 passengers on-board the plane, the spokesperson said.